The problem of transition from traditional to organic use of land resources in Ukraine is very urgent. Ukrainian black soils are an opportunity for Ukrainians to be in the money, provided that they are treated with care and intellectual potential are properly applied. Under conditions of excessive anthropogenic loading, ecologically clean soils attract attention. They are the basis for the cultivation of agricultural raw materials and the production of organic and safe food.
For today, the total area of agricultural land in Ukraine is 41.557 million hectares, or 70.9% of the entire territory of the country (40% of the world’s black soil reserves). Moreover, the agricultural development of the land reached 71%, and the degree of plowed land is 53,6% (at the maximum permissible level of 40%).
The modern use of agricultural land does not meet the requirements of sustainable land use. At most agricultural enterprises, farming is done with complete disregard for the laws of nutrient recovering in the soil. As a consequence, soil fertility falls and their degradation has taken on particularly dangerous proportions.
However, the anthropogenic pollution of the territories in Ukraine is not overall but local character. The level of pollution in some land areas is much lower compared with countries of Western Europe. In addition, Ukraine has good outlook for growing organic agricultural raw materials, since over the last years due to the working capital shortage of agricultural producers the application of mineral fertilizers and the use of crop protection chemicals has sharply decreased. The total area of Ukrainian agricultural land that can be used for organic production is an average of 4-5 million hectares. For comparison, the total area used for organic production in the EU countries is 3.8 million hectares.
The use of organic methods and technologies in agriculture simultaneously solves the problems of ecological degradation and society poverty, and thus expands opportunities for international exports. Organic agriculture provides countries with accessibility to growing international markets, job creation and lucrative jobs, development of new business type and agricultural tourism, adaptation to climate changes, rural regeneration and increase in natural capital, on which sustainable economic development and prosperity depends.
Organic production is an agricultural method based on the effective use of the whole range of local conditions and resources. In Ukraine, this form of management can be extremely favorable for sustainable socio-economic and environmental development, as far as it is characterized by low cost and high economic efficiency. The market for organic farming is very promising and underdeveloped, so it provides great opportunities for national producers and exporters. However, comparing the dynamics of Ukraine’s place in the world in terms of available areas of certified lands for organic production, in recent years our country has shifted from 18th to the 21st. The most popular among national producers of organic products are cereals (land area – 133.5 thousand hectares), oil crops (land area – 41 thousand hectares) and vegetables and fruits (land area – 5.5 thousand hectares). In turn, Ukraine lies 7th, 5th and 9th places in the world in terms of production of these crops.
But the question is whether it is realistic to maintain organic agriculture in Ukraine, and whether national farmers will get a stable profit from organic production.